Madison County Information

Madison County Courthouse

Madison County was founded in 1812 and originally included all of the land that is north of St. Louis that is now present day Illinois and extended north into all of Wisconsin, part of Minnesota and the upper peninsula of Michigan. Madison County went through several border changes over the next 30 years drastically reducing its size as new states and Illinois counties were formed until its present size was established in 1843. Today, Madison County covers over 740 square miles of land.

Where is Madison County?

Madison County Illinois is located just east of St. Louis across the Mississippi River. It borders the Illinois counties of St. Clair and Clinton on the south; Bond on the east; Montgomery and Macoupin on the north. The Mississippi forms most of its western border with the State of Missouri to the west. Jersey County is to the northwest.

Madison County is part of what is called the "Metro East" and refers to its part in making up the geographical area called the Metropolitan St. Louis Area. St. Clair County Illinois is also part of the Metro East. Madison County is made up of large and small cities such as Alton and Edwardsville, and villages which include Bethalto and Glen Carbon. Important roads and highways for the county include Interstates 270, 70, 255 and 55; Highways 3, 4, 67, 111, 140, 143, 157, 159 and others. For more information on the Madison County communities, go to our Madison County Illinois Communities page.

What Schools are in Madison County?

The residents of those Madison County communities have a wide variety of education choices. Public schools as well a private schools can be found in most of the communities. Public school districts include one to several elementary schools and middle schools and a single high school. Private schools include Catholic and Lutheran affiliated schools. For information on the schools located in Madison County, go to our Madison County Illinois Schools page. Southern Illinois University Edwardsville campus is located in Madison County as well as the SIU School of Dental Medicine that is located in Alton. Several community colleges are also in the county, Southwestern Illinois College-Granite City, Lewis and Clark Community College in Godfrey and the Lewis and Clark Community College-NO Nelson Campus in Edwardsville.

What's in Madison County?

Illinois is rich history and Madison County is filled with historic sites. The Piasa Bird park in Alton atests to the Native Americans that populated the area before any European settlers came. French explorers and the trappers that followed were some of those first settlers as the whole area was under French controlled and called the Illinois Country. Eventually the British after the French, then ultimately the Americans took control of the territory and the State of Illinois was formed in 1818. Some of those historic sites include the Colonel Bejamin Stephenson House, an important figure in the founding of Edwardsville and a Colonel in the War of 1812. The Camp River Dubois, a Lewis and Clark State Historic Site, is located near Hartford and the confluence of the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers and was the winter camp site of Lewis and Clark in 1803 before they began their famous expedition to explore the newly purchased Louisiana Territory. The Lincoln Douglas Square in Alton where Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas had the last of their seven debates before the election of 1858 in which both were running for the same US Senate seat. Alton Illinois was very important in the abolitionist movement and the Underground Railroad.

There are many historic buildings and sites in Madison County that are on the National Register of Historic Places. Some of them are very unique like the Brooks Catsup Bottle Water Tower in Collinsville. Or whimsical like the Haskell Playhouse in Alton. The Emmert-Zippel House features the Old Six Mile Museum and is located in Granite City. Another is the Leclaire Historic District that includes the entire village that N.O. Nelson built for the workers in his factory. Some of them are solemn places such as the Alton National Cemetery where 163 Union soldiers are buried. And the Alton Military Prison, where Confederate soldiers where held in deplorable conditions and many died from small pox. The prisoners that died while there are buried in North Alton Confederate Cemetery.

Below is a list of some of the many attractions, schools, historic sites and more that are located in Madison County Illinois.

Alton High School
Alton High School - Alton High School is a public high school located in Alton Illinois. - More Info Tags: 62002, Alton Illinois
Alton Illinois
Alton Illinois - The historic City of Alton Illinois is located in Madison County, along the Mississippi River in the 62002 zip code. - More Info Tags: 62002, Alton Illinois
Alton Marina
Alton Marina - The Alton Marina offers many amenities for local boat owners and visitors such as wireless internet, a convenience store, special events throughout the year and more. It is located in Alton Illinois on the Mississippi River. - More Info Tags: 62002, Alton Illinois, Recreation
Alton Memorial Hospital
Alton Memorial Hospital - Alton Memorial Hospital, a member of the BJC HealthCare System, provides health care services to the residents of Alton Illinois. - More Info Tags: 62002, Alton Illinois
Alton Museum of History and Art
Alton Museum of History and Art - The Alton Museum of History and Art showcases the art and history of the citizens of the Alton area. It is located on the SIU Dental School campus in Alton Illinois. - More Info Tags: 62002, Alton Illinois, Museums
Alton Square Mall
Alton Square Mall - Alton Square Mall is located north of Alton Illinois near the intersection of Route 111 and Highway 67. - More Info Tags: 62002, Alton Illinois, Shopping
Anderson Hospital
Anderson Hospital - Anderson Hospital serves the residents of Madison County and is located in Maryville Illinois. - More Info Tags: 62062, Maryville Illinois
Argosy Casino Alton
Argosy Casino Alton - Argosy Casino Alton is gambling establishment with dining and entertainment options. It is located in Alton Illinois. - More Info Tags: 62002, Alton Illinois, Casinos, Entertainment
Beall Manison
Beall Mansion - The Beall Mansion is a historic mansion located in Alton, Illinois built in 1903 for Z.B. Job who was a railroad baron and entrepreneur. - More Info Tags: 62002, Alton Illinois
Bethalto Illinois
Bethalto Illinois - The Village of Bethalto Illinois is located in the northwest quadrant of Madison County. The village falls within two zip codes, 62010 and 62024. - More Info Tags: 62010, 62024, Bethalto Illinois
Brooks Catsup Bottle
Brooks Catsup Bottle - The Brooks Catsup Bottle, located in Collinsville Illinois, is the world's largest Catsup Bottle! It was also named to the National Register of Historic Places in 2002. An annual festival is held in July. - More Info Tags: 62234, Collinsville Illinois
Camp River Dubois
Camp River Dubois - The Camp River Dubois was the winter camp for Lewis and Clark before the expedition began. Featured there is a museum with exhibitions including a 55-foot full scale replica of the keel boat and a replica of Fort. - More Info Tags: 62048, Hartford Illinois, Museums
Chain of Rocks Bridge
Chain of Rocks Bridge-Route 66 Bikeway - The old Chain of Rocks Bridge, once the route of Historic Route 66, has been transformed into the Route 66 Bikeway that is a little over a 1 mile long paved trail on the bridge, crossing the Mississippi River and connecting the St. Louis Riverfront Trail with the MCT Confluence Trail (via Chain of Rocks Road) in Illinois. - More Info Tags: 62040, 63137, City of St Louis Missouri, Granite City Illinois, Recreation
Chouteau Island
Chouteau Island - Chouteau Island is a group of three islands just north of Downtown St Louis in the Mississippi River on the Illinois side. It features a multi-use gravel trail for hiking, biking and horseback riding. - More Info Tags: 62040, Hiking, Recreation
Civic Memorial High School
Civic Memorial High School - Civic Memorial High School is a public high school located in Bethalto Illinois. - More Info Tags: 62010, Bethalto Illinois
Clark Bridge-Alton Illinois
Clark Bridge-Alton Illinois - The Clark Bridge is a "cable-stayed" bridge that spans the Mississippi River from West Alton Missouri into Alton Illinois. - More Info Tags: 62002, 63386, Alton Illinois
Collinsville Illinois
Collinsville Illinois - The City of Collinsville Illinois is located in Madison County. It located in the 62234 zip code and is about 25 minutes from Downtown St. Louis. - More Info Tags: 62234, Collinsville Illiniois
Colonel Benjamin Stephenson House
Colonel Benjamin Stephenson House - Colonel Benjamin Stephenson House was the home of one of the founders of Edwardsville, Illinois. - More Info Tags: 62025, Edwardsville Illinois, Museums
Confederate Prison Alton Illinois
Confederate Prison/Alton Federal Military Prison - The ruins of the Alton Federal Military Prison, also known as the Confederate Prison, is located in Alton Illinois and was used during the Civil War to house Confederate Prisoners. - More Info Tags: 62002, Alton Illinois

More Madison County Information

East Alton Ice Arena - East Alton Ice Arena is an indoor, open year-round ice-skating rink located in East Alton in Madison County Illinois. - More Info - Tags: 62024, Alton Illinois, Recreation

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